Jakarta as the capital of the country save a lot of history since prehistoric times, kingdoms, colonization until today, therefore there are many museums in the city as a place to store and learn the history of this nation in the past. Among the museum located in the city of Jakarta, the National Museum is the oldest museum and the largest in Indonesia that holds a collection of history up to 141,000 collection of various regions and the future of life in Indonesia. Therefore the news the loss of several collections in this museum some time ago, a very shocking and distressing for the various elements of society. As part of the community, we should participate to maintain and preserve the heritage to be used as ingredients in the present study.
At the beginning, the formation of the National Museum in conjunction with the establishment of the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences on 24 April 1778 in which the chairman of the association donated a building for storing various collections of books and cultural objects. After moving to several places, finally in 1862, the National Museum is in place now, on Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat right in front of the National Monument (Monas). The museum is open to the public began in 1868 and the management of the museum was handed over to the Government of the Republic of Indonesia after independence. The National Museum is also known by the public as Museum Gajah because there is a statue of an elephant made of bronze. This statue is a gift from the Thai King Chulalongkorn in 1871, but since the date of May 28, 1979, the museum was officially named the National Museum of the Republic of Indonesia.
For foreign tourists, the museum also provides a guide who is able to give information the museum in various foreign languages such as English, Japanese, French, and so on. National Museum collection consists of a collection of prehistoric, archaeological, numismatic and heraldic, ceramics, ethnography, geography and historical heritage of the nation of Indonesia in various periods of his life. One of the museum’s collection that stands out is the Statue Bhairawa which is the tallest statue in the museum with a height of about 414 cm. This statue is a manifestation of the god Lokeswara or Awalokiteswara the embodiment of Buddha on earth.
If visitors see the National Museum in the present, it will be noticeable changes since entering the atmosphere of the front page of the museum, where there are objects of contemporary art and a museum of modern nameplate. Currently the National Museum continue to make improvements and restructuring the museum and its collections so that visitors can see and learn about the collection of this archipelago with more comfortable, properly and regularly.